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» Tangerine Dream

Tangerine Dream
Formed: 1967 in Berlin, GermaNe
Active: '60s-2010s Major
Styles: Ambient, Experimental Electronic, Art Rock Major
Members: Edgar Froese, Christopher Franke, Jerome Froese, Johannes Schmoelling, Peter Baumann, Paul Haslinger Representative
Albums: "Phaedra", "Rubycon", "Canyon Dreams" Representative
Songs: "Phaedra", "Stratosfear", "Alpha Centauri"

UPC Type Title
4527516600242 (i) CD Alpha Centauri
5013929712119 (i) Vinyl Alpha Centauri
4011222326287 (i) CD Ambient Monkeys
741157005820 CD Angel of the West Window
762189230523 (i) CD Angel of the West Window
090062314429 (i) CD Architecture in Motion
4527516600266 (i) CD Atem
5013929711914 (i) Vinyl Atem
4988044370500 (i) CD Atem (Mini LP Sleeve)
4011222326362 (i) CD Atlantic Bridges
4011222326379 (i) CD Atlantic Walls
741157916027 CD Autumn in Hiroshima
4582213913248 (i) CD Autumn in Hiroshima
4582213914108 (i) CD Autumn in Hiroshima
741157241228 CD Booster
762189219023 (i) CD Booster
762189230721 (i) CD Booster III
741157956320 CD Booster IV
762189219528 (i) CD Booster IV
762189260728 (i) CD Booster V
762181916029 (i) CD Booster VI
4011222326652 (i) CD Chandra
741157930023 CD Chandra-the Phantom Ferry Pt. 1
762181126428 (i) CD Cruise to Destiny
741157930122 CD Cyberjam Collection
4582213914115 (i) CD Cyberjam Collection
4011222326119 (i) CD Cyberjam Collection
4988006870239 (i) CD Cyclone
724384025120 (i) CD Cyclone
762189218729 (i) CD Dante Arias Collection
4011222326126 (i) CD Dante Arias Collection
4011222326133 (i) CD Dante Song Collection
762189218620 (i) CD Dante Song Collection
4011222326911 (i) DVD Dantes Inferno
4011222326386 (i) CD Dream Encores
090062307322 CD Dream Mixes
724384926229 (i) CD Dream Sequence
762189219627 (i) CD Edgar Allan Poe's Island of the Fay
741157956528 CD Edgar Allen Poe's the Island of the Fay
741157241327 CD Electronic Magic of Tangerine Dream-the Anthology
5013929752535 (i) CD Electronic Meditation
4527516600235 (i) CD Electronic Meditation
4988044370456 (i) CD Electronic Meditation (Mini LP Sleeve)
5013929752511 (i) Vinyl Electronic Meditation
724383944323 (i) CD Encore-Tangerine Dream Live
762189219429 (i) CD Endless Season
741157929928 CD Epsilon Journey-Live in Eindhoven
094634398329 (i) CD Essential
724384051921 (i) CD Exit (Ost)
741157005929 CD Finnegans Wake
762189220128 (i) CD Finnegan's Wake
4988006870246 (i) CD Force Majeure
724384025922 (i) CD Force Majeure
762181915923 (i) CD Franz Kafka the Castle
741157005622 CD Gate of Saturn-Live at Lowry M
741157914221 CD Great Wall of China
4582213913385 (i) CD Great Wall of China
5013929752238 (i) CD Green Desert
762189219726 (i) CD Gustav Meyrink Angel of the West Window
4011222326225 (i) CD Hollywood Lightning
741157914023 CD Hyperborea 2008
724383944620 (i) CD Hyperborea
4582213913217 (i) CD Hyperborea 2008
4011222326218 (i) CD Independent Years
636551451376 DVD Inferno
762189220029 (i) CD Jeanne D'Arc
741157005721 CD Knights of Asheville: Live at Moogfest-
762189230028 (i) CD Knights of Asheville: Live at Moogfest 2011
4582213913255 (i) CD Kyoto
5013929752733 (i) CD Le Parc
4582213913576 (i) CD Lilly on the Beach
4011222326164 (i) CD Lily on the Beach
762181110021 (i) CD Live at Admiralspalast Berlin 2012
826992024523 CD Live in America 1992
801213008797 DVD Live in America 1992
762181111028 (i) CD Live in Budapest
5013929752436 (i) CD Live Miles
724383944521 (i) CD Logos-(Live at the Dominion '8
741157930221 CD London Eye Concert
4582213914146 (i) CD London Eye Concert 2008
762181749429 (i) CD Lost in Strings 1
762189260827 (i) CD Machu Picchu
4011222326232 (i) CD Madcap's Flaming Duty
4582213913361 (i) CD Madcap's Flaming Duty
4011222326867 (i) DVD Madcap's Flaming Duty
4582213913392 (i) CD Mars Mission Counter
4011222326485 (i) CD Mars Polaris
4011222326188 (i) CD Mota Atma
4011222326249 (i) CD Music for Sports (Cool Moves)
4011222326256 (i) CD Music for Sports (Hot Race)
889397703035 Vinyl Mysterious Semblance at the Strand of Nightmares
741157927627 CD Ocean Waves Collection
4011222326041 (i) CD Ocean Waves Collection
4582213914122 (i) CD Ocean Waves Collection
4011222326195 (i) CD Paradiso
4582213913293 (i) CD Paradiso
762189218828 (i) CD Paradiso
5013929752634 (i) CD Pergamon
077778606420 CD Phaedra
724384006228 (i) CD Phaedra
724384006211 (i) Vinyl Phaedra
4582213913194 (i) CD Phaedra 2005
741157927528 CD Phaedra Revisited-35th Anniversary Edi
5013929711839 (i) CD Poland: Expanded Edition
4011222326447 (i) CD Quinoa
077778606321 CD Ricochet
5013929711532 (i) CD Ride on the Ray-Blue Years Anthology 1980-87
4582213913286 (i) CD Rockface
4011222326492 (i) CD Rockoon
077778609124 CD Rubycon
724384006327 (i) CD Rubycon
724384006310 (i) Vinyl Rubycon
889397703066 Vinyl Run to Vegas
4582213913378 (i) CD Seven Letters From Tibet
741157929720 CD Silver Siren Collection
4011222326034 (i) CD Silver Siren Collection
4582213914139 (i) CD Silver Siren Collection
4011222326300 (i) CD Softdream Decade
5013929752337 (i) CD Sorcerer
741157915822 CD Springtime in Nagasaki
762189218521 (i) CD Starbound Collection
4011222326294 (i) CD Starbound Collection
762181126527 (i) CD Starmus: Sonic Universe
077778609223 CD Stratosfear
724384006525 (i) CD Stratosfear
741157915921 CD Summer in Nagasaki
4582213913231 (i) CD Summer in Nagasaki
5013929711433 (i) CD Sunrise in the Third System-Pink Years Anthology
741157913828 CD Tangerine Dream: Vol. 2-Booster
762189219122 (i) CD Tangerine Dream Live in Japan 2009
762189218927 (i) CD Tangerine Dream Plays Tangerine Dream
4011222326317 (i) CD Tangerine Dream: Vol. 1-Anthology Decades
5013929713109 (i) CD Tangerine Dream: Vol. 1-Bootleg Box Set
4011222326393 (i) CD Tangerine Dream: Vol. 1-Dream Mixes
4011222326423 (i) CD Tangerine Dream: Vol. 2-Hollywood Years
4582213913408 (i) CD Tangerines Scales
4011222326546 (i) CD Tang-Go-Best of Tangerine Dream
741157929829 CD Tangines Scales
4011222326270 (i) CD Tangines Scales
724384026325 (i) CD Tangram
741157914122 CD Tangram 2008
4582213913200 (i) CD Tangram 2008
4011222326355 (i) CD Tangram 2008
4582213913279 (i) CD Td Plays Td
724384052027 (i) CD Thief-Ost
4011222326409 (i) CD Time Square-Dream Mixes II
4011222326454 (i) CD Tournado
4011222326515 (i) CD Turn of the Tides
4260000340957 (i) CD Ultima Thule
741157933420 CD Under Cover
762189219320 (i) CD Under Cover: Chapter 1
4011222326461 (i) CD Valentine Wheels
4582213913262 (i) CD View From a Red Train
741157927726 CD Views From a Red Train
5099990863721 (i) CD Virgin Years 1974-78
5099964456928 (i) CD Virgin Years: 1977-83
724383944422 (i) CD White Eagle
741157916126 CD Winter in Hiroshima
4011222326102 (i) CD Winter in Hiroshima
5013929711730 (i) CD Zeit: Expanded Edition
741157005523 CD Zeitgeist Concert-Live at the Royal Al
762189219221 (i) CD Zeitgeist Concert: Royal Albert Hall

Biography: Without doubt, the recordings of Tangerine Dream have made the greatest impact on the widest variety of instrumental music during the 1980s and '90s, ranging from the most atmospheric new age and space music to the harshest abrasions of electronic dance. Founded in 1967 by Edgar Froese in Berlin, the group has progressed through a full three dozen lineups (Froese being the only continuous member with staying power) and four distinct stages of development: the experimentalist minimalism of the late '60s and early '70s; stark sequencer trance during the mid- to late '70s, the group's most influential period; an organic form of instrumental music on their frequent film and studio work during the 1980s; and, finally, a more propulsive dance style, which showed Tangerine Dream with a sound quite similar to their electronic inheritors in the field of dance music.

Froese, born in Tilsit, East Prussia, in 1944, was little influenced by music while growing up. Instead, he looked to the Dadaist and Surrealist art movements for inspiration, as well as literary figures such as Gertrude Stein, Henry Miller, and Walt Whitman. He organized multimedia events at the residence of Salvador Dali in Spain during the mid-'60s and began to entertain the notion of combining his artistic and literary influences with music; Froese played in a musical combo called the Ones, which recorded just one single before dissolving in 1967. The first lineup of Tangerine Dream formed later that year, with Froese on guitar, bassist Kurt Herkenberg, drummer Lanse Hapshash, flutist Volker Hombach and vocalist Charlie Prince. The quintet aligned itself with contemporary American acid rock (the Grateful Dead, Jefferson Airplane), and played around Berlin at various student events. The lineup lasted only two years, and by 1969 Froese had recruited wind player Conrad Schnitzler and drummer Klaus Schulze. One of the trio's early rehearsals, not originally intended for release, became the first Tangerine Dream LP when Germany's Ohr Records issued Electronic Meditation in June 1970. The LP was a playground for obtuse music-making -- keyboards, several standard instruments, and a variety of household objects were recorded and filtered through several effects processors, creating a sparse, experimentalist atmosphere.

Both Schulze and Schnitzler left for solo careers later in 1970, and Froese replaced them the following year with drummer Christopher Franke and organist Steve Schroeder. When Schroeder left a year later, Tangerine Dream gained its most stable lineup core when organist Peter Baumann joined the fold. The trio of Froese, Franke, and Baumann would continue until Baumann's departure in 1977, and even then, Froese and Franke would compose the spine of the group for an additional decade.

On 1971's Alpha Centauri and the following year's Zeit, the trio's increased use of synthesizers and a growing affinity for space music resulted in albums that pushed the margin for the style. Atem, released in 1973, finally gained Tangerine Dream widespread attention outside Europe; influential British DJ John Peel named it his LP of the year, and the group signed a five-year contract with Richard Branson's Virgin Records. Though less than a year old, Virgin had already become a major player in the recording industry, thanks to the massive success of Mike Oldfield's Tubular Bells (widely known for its use in the film The Exorcist).

Tangerine Dream's first album for Virgin, Phaedra, was an milestone not only for the group, but for instrumental music. Branson had allowed the group free rein at Virgin's Manor Studios, where they used Moog synthesizers and sequencers for the first time; the result was a relentless, trance-inducing barrage of rhythm and sound, an electronic update of the late-'60s and early-'70s classical minimalism embodied by Terry Riley. Though mainstream critics were unsurprisingly hostile toward the album (it obviously made no pretense to rock & roll in any form), Phaedra broke into the British Top 20 and earned Tangerine Dream a large global audience.

The follow-ups Rubycon and the live Ricochet were also based on the blueprint with which Phaedra had been built, but the release of Stratosfear in 1976 saw the use of more organic instruments such as untreated piano and guitar; also, the group added vocals for 1978's Cyclone, a move that provoked much criticism from their fans. Both of these innovations didn't change the sound in a marked degree, however; their incorporation into rigid sequencer patterns continued to distance Tangerine Dream from the mainstream of contemporary instrumental music.

Baumann left for a solo career in 1978 (later founding the Private Music label), and was replaced briefly by keyboard player Steve Jolliffe and then Johannes Schmoelling, another important member of Tangerine Dream who would stay until the mid-'80s. In 1980, the Froese/Franke/Schmoelling lineup was unveiled at the Palast der Republik in East Berlin, the first live performance by a Western group behind the Iron Curtain. Tangerine Dream also performed live on TV with the Munich Philharmonic Orchestra one year later, and premiered their studio work on 1980's Tangram.

Mike Oldfield had shown the effectiveness of using new instrumental music forms as a bed for film on Tubular Bells, and in 1977 The Exorcist's director, William Friedkin, had tapped Tangerine Dream for soundtrack work on his film Sorcerer. By the time the new lineup stabilized in 1981, Hollywood was knocking on the band's door; Tangerine Dream worked on more than 30 film soundtracks during the 1980s, among them Risky Business, The Keep, Flashpoint, Firestarter, Vision Quest, and Legend. If the idea of stand-alone electronic music hadn't entered the minds of mainstream America before this time, the large success of these soundtracks (especially Risky Business) entrenched the idea and proved enormously influential to soundtrack composers from all fields.

Despite all the jetting between Hollywood and Berlin, the group continued to record proper LPs and tour the world as well. Hyperborea, released in 1983, was their last album for Virgin, and a move to Zomba/Jive Records signaled several serious changes for the band during the late '80s. After the first Zomba release (a live concert recorded in Warsaw), 1985's Le Parc, marked the first time Tangerine Dream had flirted with sampling technology. The use of sampled material was an important decision to make for a group that had always investigated the philosophy of sound and music with much care, though Le Parc was a considerable success -- both fans and critics calling it their best LP in a decade. Tyger, released in 1987, featured more vocals than any previous Tangerine Dream LP, and many of the group's fans were quite dispirited in their disfavor.

Schmoelling left in 1988, to be replaced by the classically trained Paul Haslinger and (for a brief time) Ralf Wadephul. Optical Race, released in 1988, was the first Tangerine Dream album to appear on old bandmate Peter Baumann's Private Music label. Several more albums followed for the label, after which Haslinger left to work on composing film scores in Los Angeles. His replacement, and the only other permanent member of Tangerine Dream since, was Edgar's son Jerome Froese (whose photo had graced the cover of several TD albums in the past). Another record label change, to Miramar, preceded the release of 1992's Rockoon, which earned Tangerine Dream one of their seven total Grammy nominations. The duo continued to record and release live albums, remix albums, studio albums, and soundtracks at the rate of about two releases per year into the late '90s. Meanwhile, the influence of Tangerine Dream's '70s releases upon a generation of electronica and dance artists became increasingly evident, from the Orb's indebted ambient techno to DJ Shadow's sampling of Stratosfear's "Invisible Limits," heard on "Changeling," from 1996's Endtroducing....

During the early 2000s, new material surfaced at a slightly slower rate. In addition to a handful of studio albums -- including 2005's Jeanne d'Arc, for which Froese was first joined by Thorsten Quaeschning, a musician who would figure into several subsequent TD releases -- and a couple soundtracks (Great Wall of China, Mota Atma), there was "the Dante trilogy" (Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso, released from 2002 through 2006) and the five-part "atomic seasons" (with titles like Springtime in Nagasaki and Winter in Hiroshima, created for a Japanese man who survived the bombings of both cities). During these years, keeping tabs on archival releases, both live and studio, was more challenging than ever; most prominently, there was The Bootmoon Series, entailing audience and soundboard recordings of performances dating back to 1977, as well as reissues of the first four albums and several anthologies. Despite so much focus on the past, epitomized by 40th anniversary concerts that took place in 2007, Tangerine Dream remained equally connected to the present. ~ John Bush, Rovi